A stroke is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
There are two main types of stroke:
-Ischemic- which occurs due to the lack of blood flow, and hemorrhaging, which occurs due to bleeding.
-Brain attack usually results in the inability to move or feel on one side of the body, troubles to understanding or speaking, loss of memory, lose of vision on one side etc.
Long-term complications caused by stroke include pneumonia and urinary incontinence.
There is also a transient ischemic attack (TIA), also known as a mini-stroke, which is caused by a temporary clot. The signs and symptoms of TIA can last for a few moments or for 24 hours, but you can’t ignore them in either case, and you must seek emergency medical attention.
Besides the typical causes for stroke in both men and women, there are some unique factors that increase the risk of stroke only in women. It is very important for every woman to know all the signs and symptoms in order to prevent a stroke from occurring.
THE TYPICAL RISK FACTORS:
- Being overweight
- Lack of exercise
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Drug use including cigarette smoking
- Cardiovascular disease
THE UNIQUE FACTORS:
- Taking birth control pills
- Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
- Suffering migraines with auras
- Mental health
|Stroke Risk Factors, Categorized by Those That Are Sex-Specific, Stronger or More Prevalent in Women, or Similar Between Women and Men|
|Risk Factor||Sex-Specific Risk Factors||Risk Factors That Are Stronger or More Prevalent in Women||Risk Factors With Similar Prevalence in Men and Women but Unknown Difference in Impact|
|Oral contraceptive use||X|
|Postmenopausal hormone use||X|
|Changes in hormonal status||X|
|Migraine with aura||X|
|Prior cardiovascular disease||X|
The common symptoms of stroke for both men and women:
- Trouble with vision
- Weakness and dizziness
- Severe Headaches
The unique symptoms of stroke for women:
- Lack of breath
- Changes in behavior
- Nausea or vomiting
How to Prevent a Stroke:
- Stop smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol
- Regular monitoring of blood pressure during pregnancy
- Get tested for diabetes
- Check your cholesterol levels
- Keep a healthy weight
- Exercise at least 20 minutes per day
- Be careful with any mood changes. For instance, depression increases the risk of stroke in women
- Sleep between seven to eight hours per day
- Cook with olive oil
- Try to find effective ways to reduce stress
What happens after stroke?
Early detection of stroke can significantly reduce the impact and will prevent long-term damage to the health. Stroke recovery usually involves rehabilitation therapy and speech therapy to improve skills. In more severe cases, some people may need help to perform everyday tasks like dressing, showering and even eating. Other lifestyle changes include switching to a healthier diet and regular exercising.