Diabetes is a serious complex condition which can affect the entire body. It is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly.
For our bodies to work properly we need to convert glucose from food into energy. A hormone called insulin is essential for the conversion of glucose into energy.
In people with diabetes, insulin is no longer produced or not produced in sufficient amounts by the body. When people with diabetes eat glucose, which is in foods such as breads, cereals, fruit and starchy vegetables, legumes, milk, yoghurt and sweets, it can’t be converted into energy.
Instead of being turned into energy the glucose stays in the blood resulting in high blood glucose levels. After eating, the glucose is carried around your body in your blood.
While there is currently no cure for diabetes, people need to manage their disease to stay healthy.
There are two main types of diabetes:
When you are affected with Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not produce insulin. It is often diagnosed in children or teens. This type accounts for 5-10 percent of people with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin, or when the cells are unable to use insulin properly. It can develop at any age, though it’s more common in people older than 40. 90-95 percent of people with diabetes have this type.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES
According to the Mayo Clinic, diabetes symptoms vary depending on how much your blood sugar is elevated.
- Feeling tired and lethargic
- Feeling thirsty even after drinking a lot
- Gaining weight despite no change in diet and even with exercising
- Urinating more frequently, especially at night
- Having cuts that heal slowly
- Always feeling hungry
- Blurred night vision
- Skin infections take a very long time to heal
- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
Tests that help in early detection
If you recognize in yourself two or more of these symptoms, then it is crucial that you get yourself tested to see if you are indeed on the path to diabetes.
There are basically 2 tests you can take:
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test – It would be best to give your blood sample in the early morning before breakfast. If your results show that your blood glucose levels are between 100-125 ml/dl, then you are either pre-diabetic or already suffering from early diabetes.
Oral Glucose Test – Two hours after your breakfast or lunch, the lab technician will take a blood sample. If the test results show your blood sugar level between 140-199 ml/dl, then you are pre-diabetic. If it is less than 140 – you are free from it.